Essays and criticism on Juan Rulfo – Critical Essays. Like all of Rulfo’s stories, “ Es que somos muy pobres” (“Because We Are So Poor”) reveals much about. This Pin was discovered by Pablo Curiel. Discover (and save!) your own Pins on Pinterest. Materials Needed: ☺ PowerPoint on Juan Rulfo and El llano en Llamas. ☺ Copies of “Es que somos muy pobres”. ☺ Projector and Laptop with speakers and.

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Although the story acquires its maximum resonance when read in the context of the others in The Burning Plain, it functions brilliantly as a perfectly crafted and jun story on its own.

Rulfo lived and worked in the area, and the landscape, culture, and colloquial language of the region are portrayed vividly and authentically. In contrast to the novel of the Mexican Revolution, with its descriptive realism and nationalism, Rulfo introduced the new Mexican narrative that would lead to what has been called es que somos muy pobres juan rulfo boom in Latin American literature, an outpouring of innovative fiction.

Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. The cause of their downfall is not the flood but rather the social circumstances in which the flood occurs. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. As the mother says, “There have never been bad people” in her family, but now her daughters end up going off to the city to become prostitutes.

Print es que somos muy pobres juan rulfo article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article. The only hope Tacha had of avoiding a life of prostitution in the city, a fate that befell her sisters, was in the wealth represented by the cow, which would have attracted a man to marry her. The relationship between father and son, or the absence of a father, is a recurring motif. That consciousness is presented as a bipolar structure of experience of immediate life and of experience of the self as another and as a being in history, in which the two levels of experience are largely unaware of each other.

jua One of the reader’s first impressions of the story rklfo be that the world it takes place in is static and timeless and that, in spite of es que somos muy pobres juan rulfo characters’ efforts, nothing in their lives or social condition will change. It is present here as the narrator speaking to an absent listener, which may be the narrator speaking to him-or herself. Retrieved July 24, from Encyclopedia. The water itself is full of contradictory meanings: Other recurring themes include poverty and power, such as the poor versus the government, or the poor versus the local caciqueor landowner-boss.


Yet, when examined more closely, it becomes apparent that their world is actually in a state of change; it is a world in which the present is discontinuous with the past.

In other words this is the period following the Mexican Revolutionwhen the es que somos muy pobres juan rulfo rural-urban migrations of the contemporary country were just beginning, and small town, village, and peasant life, especially in the region in which rulffo stories take place, was increasingly impoverished and abandoned.

Juab form of oppositional juxtaposition in the story is the doubling of self found so frequently in Rulfo’s fiction. The drops of stinking water from the river splash on Tacha’s wet face, and her two little breasts bounce up and down without stopping, es que somos muy pobres juan rulfo if suddenly they were beginning to swell, to start now on the road to ruin.

The detail and precision with which Rulfo focuses on the minutiae of a particular situation, combined with a remarkable economy of style, make this story resonate within a broad historical and social context and present strong pobre about the very nature of human ;obres.

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Aunt Jacinta just died and was buried; the rains came unexpectedly, without giving the family time to salvage any of their rye es que somos muy pobres juan rulfo, which was stacked outside to dry in the sun; and now the cow his father gave his sister Tacha for her twelfth birthday has been swept away by the newly overflowing river.

A series of disasters has affected this family: Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

There is even a suggestion that the narrator may be Tacha herself—speaking in the third person to distance herself from her certain doom—a suggestion supported by the intimate knowledge of and concern with her body, her situation, and her cow. The isolation and desolation of the rural Mexican desert landscape of his stories provide a setting where human characters have as little hope or possibility as the landscape has fertility.

To a large extent the abandonment was the result of failed sojos corrupt government policies, a criticism that underlies much of Rulfo’s work. The narrator might es que somos muy pobres juan rulfo be a younger sister seeing her own future in Tacha’s fate but not identifying herself in the narration as, again, a means of distancing herself from that fate.

Juan Rulfo Critical Essays

The story is written in what seems to be the plain speech of a peasant, but it is a language in which every word is charged with ironic meaning.

This contrast, between the static-seeming surface and an underlying state of change, reveals one of the fundamental structural modalities of the story and, indeed, of much of Rulfo’s work, that of a juxtaposition of opposites. This brief story, quee in the first person by someone who is identified only as a sibling of the central character, Tacha, tells of the tragic consequences of a family’s loss of a cow in a flood. This impression is reinforced by the characters’ apparent lack es que somos muy pobres juan rulfo full self-consciousness—which may ruofo a lack of historical awareness for example, the mother “can’t remember … where she went wrong,” which turns out to be quite ironic —and the sparse natural and stylistic landscape they inhabit.


The water is referred to in terms of its opposite, fire: The historical period in which the story takes place, as with all the stories rulf The Burning Plain, is that of the es que somos muy pobres juan rulfo s during the last stages of the Cristero rebellion, a period of armed uprisings by rural priests and their constituents against the anticlerical policies of the revolutionary Mexican government, in the Los Altos region of the state pobrds Jalisco in west central Mexico.

Juan Rulfo World Somo Thus, Tacha and her family have not “gone wrong”; they have been faced with a new impoverishment and a new culture. Tacha is the last of three sisters. This gives the impression that the narrator and his family, who seem largely unaware of eomos irony, are overwhelmed by events beyond their control or understanding.


Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. The first example of this occurs in the very premise of the story, which is somod a flood in what is normally rather arid country.

The rising water muyy is associated with Tacha’s budding sexuality, and because it drowns her cow, it will also destroy her hopes for a decent life:. Modern Language Association http: And although this flood of sexuality will cause Tacha’s downfall in a moral or social sense, it will also prove to be her only means of survival, through prostitution.

A noise comes out of her mouth like the river makes near its banks, which makes her tremble and shake all over, and the whole time the river keeps on rising. A first-person narrator, the boy in a poor es que somos muy pobres juan rulfo, jusn his story in the present tense to an juab listener, which creates a sense of immediacy, as if events are unfolding along with the narrative.