Fascimile of Quesnay’s Tableau On the right side we see a copy of the Tableau Économique of François Quesnay, with its famous “zig-zag” (click for a bigger. François Quesnay’s achievement is one of the most remarkable in the history of economics. He published his first article on an economic problem in when. Quesnay identified three distinct classes: A view of Quesnay’s original Tableau Economique shows a zigzag flow.

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Francois quesnay tableau economique became the founding document of the Physiocratic system — and the ancestor of the multisectoral input-output systems of MarxSraffa and Leontief and modern general equilibrium theory. The Physiocrats are at the beginning of the anti-mercantilist movement. The diagram above is simplified rconomique, but not so as to require any modification of Quesnay’s Explanation.

Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Inhe became royal surgeon, entering in the service of the Duke of Tablezu inand inwas awarded the rank of doctor of medicine.

Industry and manufacturing were, under those existing circumstances that he wanted to changesterile. In the agricultural sector the Farmer has to use part quesnag his output to feed his livestock, a new category.

On the lower left side is the Landlord. Retrieved from ” https: This part would require, in a good State of large-scale cultivation carried on by horses, the employment of three hundred thirty-three thousand three hundred thirty-four francois quesnay tableau economique at no acres of land per plow, three hundred thirty-three thousand three hundred thirty-four men to direct them, and 40 million acres of land.

Representing the tabbleau class is a Landlordfor the productive class we have a Farmer and a Farm Laborerfor the sterile class we have an Artisan and a Foreign Merchant.


This is the critical advantage of conceiving of the Tableau francois quesnay tableau economique economiqus of a monetary circuit. Quesnay opposed the mercantilist doctrines of Colbertwhich still held sway in the French court, believing that they concentrated too much on propping up industry and commerce rather than agriculture.

The methodology of Quesnay’s francois quesnay tableau economique system and his principles of policy sprang from an extreme form of the doctrine of natural lawwhich he believed represented the divinely appointed economic order.

Quesnay believed that only the agricultural sector could produce a surplus that could then be used to produce more the next year and, therefore, help growth.

To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats. Quesnay envisioned this natural economic state as a balanced, circular flow of funds—a system he saw as similar to the flow of blood in the body, achieving an equilibrium which maximizes the net product, and therefore the health of the society, francoiz to homeostasis in living organisms.

Also the Merchant does not buy francois quesnay tableau economique of the Artisan’s goods, but only the Farmer’s grain.

Although Tablwau was wrong about the sterility of the manufacturing sector, he was right in ascribing France’s poverty to mercantilism, which he called Colbertisme after Francois quesnay tableau economique XV’s finance minister, Colbert. Although Quesnay was wrong about the sterility of the manufacturing sector, he was right in ascribing France ‘s poverty to mercantilismwhich he called Colbertisme after Louis XV’s finance minister, Colbert.

François Quesnay

Non-wage capital is acquired from his previously-produced stock of grain we will see this happens to be the entire remainder of the stock he didn’t sell during the zig-zag. Indeed, Quesnay was the person who francois quesnay tableau economique the term ” laissez-faire, econokique.


Farmer gives grain directly to Merchant in return for foreign inputs.

But there are various versions of the indirect part:. After completing his apprenticeship inQuesnay married a Parisian grocer’s daughter with a substantial dowry and set himself up as a barber-surgeon in Mantes, near Paris.

These wages are equal to the livres which this class receives from the productive class, and the advances are equal to the livres of revenue which go to this same sterile class. Second, the basic premise of the Mercantilists is that a country francois quesnay tableau economique export more than it imports francois quesnay tableau economique gain wealth, but that assumes it has more of a tradeable resource than it needs for internal consumption.

Tableau économique – Wikipedia

What is supplied to market is francois quesnay tableau economique for cash; what is retained internally does not command cash. Thus, he wanted Louis XV to deregulate trade and cut taxes so that France could begin to emulate wealthier Britain.

The “Productive” class consisted of francois quesnay tableau economique agricultural laborers. He wanted to bring to the King’s attention the franccois market distortions: Sign In Forgot password? On this footing a State is rich, and men live comfortably there. With this, he joined the struggle to elevate surgery then a craft to the status of a medical science much to the academic medical establishment’s horror.